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Blood Sugar Level in Adults with Diabetes

Blood sugar level is a serious issue that you should never take lightly. The amount of glucose or sugar present in the blood tends to fluctuate during the day or night. The human body maintains a level of glucose for metabolism. The sugar level in a healthy body is supposed to be between 90-100mg/DL.

However, these blood sugar levels may go low or very high due to various factors. It is a sign of disturbing health conditions that require immediate attention. The following article gives in-depth information about blood sugar levels charts for adults with diabetes depending on their age.

Blood Sugar Level Rise – The Reason

We consume food that converts to glucose and then releases it into the bloodstream. That is why the blood glucose levels or sugar levels are high after eating food. The increase in normal sugar levels signals the pancreas to release insulin.

Insulin helps the cells in the body to absorb glucose. As a result, the blood glucose either goes down or becomes normal. The cell absorption process helps in maintaining blood glucose levels.

Blood Sugar Level and Diabetes

However, the body becomes insulin resistant in the case of diabetes. In short, there is an insulin deficiency in the same. As a result, the body cells stop absorbing glucose. It results in high blood glucose levels causing diabetes. That leads to several health problems like stress, thyroid, loss of muscle weight, insomnia, acidity, low energy level, etc. High blood sugar levels may harm the kidneys, nerves, heart, and eyes.

It is essential to maintain your blood glucose levels if you have diabetes. You can attain the same by having a healthy lifestyle. It will aid in the reversal of diabetes. Also, follow a sustainable diet plan that includes staple food and not supplements.

The Normal Sugar Level in Human Body

Blood glucose levels or sugar levels can be high, low, or balanced. You can measure these levels after 8 hours of eating.

A normal blood sugar range for a healthy human being is >70 mg/dL and < 100 mg/dL (after 8 hours).

The blood sugar level in a healthy individual after 2 hours of eating is between 90-100 mg/dL.

Factors behind a change in glucose levels

Blood glucose levels tend to change throughout the day. The following factors affect a change in the same.

  • Type of Food

The food we consume can impact the blood sugar levels by the chart.

  • Quantity of Food

Consuming too much can increase sugar levels in the body.

  • Physical Activities

A minimal amount of exercise is necessary to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Lack of physical activities also affects glucose levels.

  • Medicines

Certain medications can cause a change in the same.

  • Medical conditions

Diabetes, liver disease, hypoglycemia can also affect glucose levels in the body.

  • Alcohol consumption

It can cause our blood sugar levels to drop.

  • Smoking

It is one of the main causes of type-2 diabetes.

  • Age

Insulin tolerance tends to decrease with age. It increases the chances of getting diabetes.

  • Stress

Mental or physical stress can spike the normal blood sugar levels in the body.

  • Dehydration

It can also result in low blood glucose levels.

If you are in the right environment, many of these problems will go away.

Blood Sugar Levels Chart by Age (Diabetes)

When blood sugar levels are high, it causes diabetes. However, the levels may also fall below the normal level. Thus, the sugar levels may vary with age or in a day for diabetic patients. Below is the sugar level chart according to age.

Blood Sugar Levels in Children with Diabetes

AgeBlood Sugar Level after FastingBlood Sugar Level before MealBlood Sugar Level after 1-2 hours of eatingBlood Sugar Level at Bedtime
6 years>80 to 180 mg/dL100 to 180 mg/dL180 mg/dL110 to 200 mg/dL
6-12 years>80 to 180 mg/dL90 to 180 mg/dLUp to 140 mg/dL100 to 180 mg/dL
13-19 years>70 to 150 mg/dL90 to 130 mg/dLUp to 140 mg/dL90 to 150 mg/dL
Blood Sugar Level in Children with Diabetes

Blood Sugar Levels in Adults with Diabetes

AgeBlood Sugar Level after FastingBlood Sugar Level before MealBlood Sugar Level after 1-2 hours of eatingBlood Sugar Level at Bedtime
20+ years70 to 100 mg/dL70 to 130 mg/dLLess than 180 mg/dL100 to 140 mg/dL
Pregnant Women70 to 89 mg/dL89 mg/dLBelow 120 mg/dL100 to 140 mg/dL



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